5418 Å) at a scan rate of 0 02° · s-1 Raman spectra were obtaine

5418 Å) at a scan rate of 0.02° · s-1. Raman spectra were obtained using LabRAM HR UV/vis/near-IR spectrometer

mTOR inhibitor (Kyoto, Japan) with an argon-ion continuous-wave laser (514.5 nm) as the excitation source. The electrochemical measurements were performed in a standard three-electrode cell on a CHI 760D potentiostat at room temperature, where 1 cm2 (1 × 1 cm) of the obtained composite was used as the working electrode, a Pt plate was chosen as the counter electrode and a saturated calomel electrode (SCE) was selected as the reference electrode. A 4-M NaOH solution was used as the electrolyte. Results and discussions Component characterization To examine the phase composition and structure of the samples, XRD analysis was carried out and the pattern is shown in Figure 1a. The as-prepared sample displays typical hausmannite Mn3O4 diffraction lines, which is in agreement with JCPDS card 18–0803. The peaks at around 44° and 52° are indexed to the Ni planes (111) and (200) of the Selleckchem AZD5153 Ni foam substrate, respectively. This result indicates that the

utilized hydrothermal conditions are favorable for the formation of pure Mn3O4. Moreover, the XRD peaks are Rabusertib cost relatively broad, indicating that the crystals constituting the products are small in size. Raman spectra can be used to gain more information about structure (Figure 1b). Consistent with the XRD data, the peak at 652.3 cm-1 corresponding to the crystalline Mn3O4 structure are clearly observed [23]. Figure

1 XRD pattern (a) and Raman spectra (b) of Mn 3 O 4 /Ni foam composite. Morphology characterization The photographs of the Ni foam (a) and the Mn3O4/Ni foam composite (b) are shown in Figure 2. The Ni foam turns to brown color after hydrothermal reaction, suggesting the formation of Mn3O4 on the Ni foam. The SEM image at low magnification shows that the pristine Ni foam has a 3D porous structure (Figure 3a). This porous skeleton of Ni foam would provide effective electrolyte accessible channels for ion transportation, and shorten the distance for ion diffusion. Figure 3b,c,d shows SEM images of the Mn3O4/Ni foam composite at different Orotidine 5′-phosphate decarboxylase magnifications. These images show highly dense nanorods on Ni foam substrate. The individual nanorod is approximately 100 nm and approximately 2 to 3 μm in diameter and length, respectively, and the aspect ratio is greater than 20 in most cases. Figure 2 Digital photographs of (a) the Ni foam and (b) Mn 3 O 4 /Ni foam composite. Figure 3 SEM images of (a) the 3D structure of Ni foam and (b,c,d) Mn 3 O 4 /Ni foam composite with different magnifications. Electrochemical capacitance of Mn3O4/Ni foam electrode Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charging-discharging measurements were performed to evaluate the electrochemical properties and quantify the specific capacitance of the Mn3O4/Ni foam composite.

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