Background.— check details The prevalence of sleep disorders in chronic headache has been seldom investigated, although from the earliest description chronic headache has been associated with sleep disturbances. On the contrary, mood disorders are commonly associated with both sleep disturbances and chronic headache – each of which are, in turn,
core features of mood disorders. Therefore, it may be important to discriminate between sleep problems that can be attributed to a comorbid psychiatric disorder, and those specifically associated with headache. Only a few studies investigating the association of chronic headache with sleep difficulties have also taken into account to consider the possible role of anxiety and depression. Patients and Methods.— A total of 105 consecutive patients with daily or nearly daily headache and
102 patients with episodic headache, matched by age, sex, and type of headache at onset, underwent a structured direct interview about their sleep habits and psychiatric diseases. Results.— In Decitabine molecular weight total, 80 out of 105 patients with chronic headache received a diagnosis of medication overuse headache, 21 patients were classified as chronic migraine and 4 as chronic tension-type headache without drug overuse. Patients.— Patients with chronic headache showed a high prevalence of insomnia, daytime sleepiness, and snoring with respect to controls (67.7% vs 39.2%, 36.2% vs 23.5%, and 48.6% vs 37.2%, respectively). Forty-five patients with chronic headache (42.9%) had psychiatric comorbidity (anxiety and/or depressive disorders), vs 27 episodic headache patients (26.5%). Multivariate Oxalosuccinic acid analysis disclosed that low educational level, lower mean age at headache onset, and insomnia are independently associated with chronic headache. Conclusions.— Patients with chronic headache had a high prevalence of sleep complaints. Insomnia may thus represent an independent risk factor
for headache chronification. Recognition of sleep disorders, alone or in association with depression or anxiety, may be useful in episodic headache patients to prevent chronification. “
“(Headache 2011;51:8-20) Introduction.— Several studies have reported that migraine headaches are more common in patients with allergic rhinitis and that immunotherapy decreases the frequency of headache in atopic headache sufferers. Objective.— To determine if the degree of allergic sensitization and the administration of immunotherapy are associated with the prevalence, frequency, and disability of migraine headache in patients with allergic rhinitis. Methods.— Consecutive patients between the ages of 18-65 presenting to an allergy practice that received a diagnosis of an allergic rhinitis subtype (eg, allergic or mixed rhinitis) were enrolled in this study. All participants underwent allergy testing as well as a structured verbal headache diagnostic interview to ascertain the clinical characteristics of each headache type.