However, p27 was relocated to the cytoplasm in CML progenitors click here and nuclear p27 levels were reduced, allowing increased cell cycling and expansion in culture.
Cytoplasmic relocation of p27 in CML progenitors was related to signaling through BCR-ABL Y177, activation of the AKT kinase and phosphorylation of p27 on Thr-157 (T157). Expression of a mutant p27 that cannot be phosphorylated on T157 significantly inhibited CML progenitor proliferation. These studies show the importance of BCR-ABL-Y177-AKT-mediated p27 phosphorylation in altered p27 localization and enhanced proliferation and expansion of primary CML progenitors. Leukemia (2010) 24, 779-787; doi: 10.1038/leu.2010.24; published online 4 March 2010″
“Seizures have been reported to modify neural development in the immature brain. In this study, we attempted to determine whether pentylenetetrazol (a GABAergic receptor antagonist, PTZ)-induced seizures influence cell proliferation in zebrafish larvae (5 and 15 days of post-fertilization), using bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) to label dividing cells. In the brains of 5 dpf larvae, PTZ treatment significantly reduced the number of BrdU-labeled
cells in the telencephalic area (pallium and subpallium), diencephalic area (thalamus and preoptic area), medial tectal proliferation zone, and medial cerebellar proliferation zone to 52.4%, 62.9%, 47.2%, and 54.0% of the controls, respectively. In contrast, we noted no reductions in the number of BrdU-labeled cells in the brains of the 15 dpf larvae. The double-label selleck chemicals of BrdU and Hu, a neuronal marker, demonstrated that the majority of newborn cells showed the neuronal phenotype.
Similarly, kainic acid (200 mu M), a glutamatergic receptor agonist, significantly reduced pentoxifylline the number of BrdU-labeled cells in the telencephalic area, diencephalic area, and medial tectal proliferation zone to 51.4%, 61.9%, and 40.4% of the controls, respectively. Physostigmine (500 mu M), an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, also reduced the number of BrdU-labeled cells in the telencephalic area,
diencephalic area, medial tectal proliferation zone, and medial cerebellar proliferation zone to 52.8%, 35.9%, 30.5%, and 39.8% of the controls, respectively. All of these drugs resulted in electrographic seizures in the larval brain when perfused directly through artificial cerebrospinal fluid. These results indicated that seizures result in a massive reduction in cell proliferation in wide-ranging areas of the developing brain. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is a heterogeneous disease exhibiting variable clinical course and survival rates. Mutational status of the immunoglobulin heavy chain variable regions (IGHVs) of CLL cells offers useful prognostic information for high-risk patients, but time and economical costs originally prevented it from being routinely used in a clinical setting.
- Background staining was controlled by calculating the typical opt
- No antidepressant treatment increased the hippocampal progenitors
- Administration of yokukansan ameliorated not only the TD-induced
- DLL4 expression was identified in the cytoplasm and cellular memb
- The formation of lipid droplets in the cytoplasm, mineral nodules