In this paper, complex network theory is used to analyze the stru

In this paper, complex network theory is used to analyze the structural characteristics and evolution rules of pedestrian network about Taxol ic50 the conformity violation crossings. 2. Literature Review 2.1. Network and Complex Network In the 1960s, Erdos and Renyi proposed random graph theory to analyze

the complexity of network topology. Random network is composed of N nodes and P × N × (N − 1)/2 edges, and P is the link probability between each pair of nodes. This classic mathematical theory can be seen as the foundation for complex network theory. The found of small-world and scale-free properties brings a new start for complex network study. When represented as graphs, some networks reveal a relatively small distance between each pair of nodes; that is, on average a small number of nodes separate them. This type of complex network, known as small-world, also shows high clustering; that is, if two nodes are connected to the same node, the probability that they are connected to each other is high [8]. Some other networks contain a few highly connected nodes. These networks are said to be scale-free [9]. Most real world networks in nature and social life have been shown to be scale-free. Complex networks have attracted a great deal of attention in recent years. One of the main reasons why complex networks have become so popular is the flexibility and generality in representing virtually any natural structures,

including those undergoing dynamic changes of topology [10]. Taking this into account, various studies have focused on how to describe a problem as a complex network, according to its topological characteristics and feature extraction. Recently, the flow characteristics of the transportation system (such as traffic flows and pedestrian flow) become of primary interest in complex networks. In particular, traffic congestion

and its dynamical relation to network structures have become a hot topic. But few studies combining the complex network and pedestrian behavior are presented in the reported literatures. Dacomitinib Inspired by the above research results, this paper would apply complex network theory to simulate pedestrian violation behavior. 2.2. Pedestrian Behavior Model Pedestrian safety in urban areas is an issue of growing concern. Pedestrian behavior modeling is an important topic in the pedestrian safety research field. Researchers have built models to describe and simulate pedestrian movement characteristics since the 1970s. Previous methods for pedestrian behavior modeling can be classified into two main categories: microscopic and macroscopic models. In the last years, much more attention has focused on microscopic modeling, where each pedestrian is modeled as an agent. Microscopic models include social forces models, lattice gas (LG) model, cellular automata (CA) model, and artificial-intelligence-based models [11, 12].

Related posts:

  1. Evaluation on the Cell Proliferation Network So that you can eval
  2. Fig 11 for the active network case F��0>0 More precisely, the va
  3. Intensive research has been conducted on data aggregation routing
  4. This network provides ahypothesis ohow PIAS3 may perhaps regulate
  5. In this study, unlike other approaches, the major breakthrough is
This entry was posted in Antibody. Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>