Nineteen patients (6%) developed surgically acquired motor defici

Nineteen patients (6%) developed surgically acquired motor deficits and 15 (5%) developed surgically acquired language deficits. Median survival was decreased in patients who acquired language deficits (9.6 months; P < 0.05) or motor deficits (9.0 months; P < 0.05) versus patients without

surgically acquired deficits (12.8 months). Two-year survival was 8% and 0% for patients with surgically acquired motor or language deficits, respectively, versus 23% for patients without new-onset deficits.

CONCLUSION: In our experience, the GDC 973 development of new perioperative motor or language deficits was associated with decreased overall survival despite similar extent of resection and adjuvant therapy. Although it is well known that surgically induced neurological deficits affect quality of life, our results suggest that these surgical morbidities may also affect survival. Care should be taken to avoid surgically induced deficits in the management of GBM.”
“OBJECTIVE: Syringomyelia should be treated by reconstruction

of the subarachnoid space and restoration of cerebrospinal fluid homeostasis. Direct intervention on the syrinx is a difficult choice and should be considered a rescue procedure. Data in the literature examining the various options are scanty, with generally unsatisfying results. We report our experience with shunting of the syrinx into science the pleural space.

METHODS: Twenty GW4869 cell line patients with syringomyelia refractory to cerebrospinal fluid flow restoration underwent a procedure for placement of a syringopleural shunt

between 1998 and 2008. Modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scale scores and magnetic resonance imaging were available for each patient preoperatively and at the latest follow-up evaluation. A 2-tailed Wilcoxon signed-rank test was used for statistical analysis. Complications related to the operative procedure and to hardware failure were noted.

RESULTS: Nineteen patients were available for follow-up with a mean duration of 37.5 (standard deviation, 31.1) months. The condition of 1 patient deteriorated, 2 remained stable, and the remainder improved. The overall mean improvement on the Modified Japanese Orthopaedic Association Scale was 19.5% (95% confidence interval, 8.5-30.5). The median improvement was 4 points on the 17-point scale. Results were statistically significant (P<0.001). Follow-up magnetic resonance imaging showed syrinx collapse in 17 cases and marked shrinkage in 2 cases. Except for 1 case of meningitis followed by fatal pulmonary embolism, no significant complications were noted.

CONCLUSION: A syrinopleural shunt should, in our view, be the syrinx diversion procedure of choice. More series of institutional experiences with a homogeneous approach would be helpful to verify this recommendation.

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