These results demonstrate the role of this sequence in IHF protei

These results demonstrate the role of this sequence in IHF protein binding. Figure 6 Evaluation of the effect of mutations in the proposed IHF binding site. Gel mobility shift assays

using the mutant probes of fragment I (104 bp). Panel A shows the assays using mutant probe 1, which contains selleck chemicals changes in the dA-dT rich upstream region as well as changes of C to A and G to T in the consensus sequence. These OICR-9429 molecular weight changes caused a decrease of 89% with respect to the control. Panel B shows assays using mutant probe 2, which also includes mutations in the TTR region of the consensus sequence, causing an 86% decrease in the retarded signal. The asterisks indicate the bases modified. The bold red letters indicate the proposed site for IHF binding. Discussion Phaseolotoxin is an important virulence factor of P. syringae pv. phaseolicola, whose synthesis involves genes in the Pht cluster. The expression of these genes is higher at 18°C than at 28°C, which is consistent with conditions of phaseolotoxin synthesis [10]. So far, the regulatory

mechanism involved in the production of this phytotoxin has not been elucidated, and the only known fact is the effect of low temperatures on its synthesis [7]. In the present work we initiated this website study of the regulatory pathway involved in phaseolotoxin synthesis in P. syringae pv. phaseolicola NPS3121 by focusing on the control of phtD operon expression. In this study we report the binding of the IHF protein to the phtD promoter region and a possible role for this protein in controlling the expression of this operon. Mobility shift assays using the region upstream of the phtD operon as a probe showed the formation of a DNA-protein complex that clearly indicates the presence of a binding site for a regulatory protein within this region. These data also indicate that the presence of this protein is independent of temperature, as it was found in crude extracts

Cytidine deaminase obtained at both 28°C and 18°C. The minimal region necessary for the binding of this protein was defined by competition assays to be a region of 104 bp, a size greater than that reported for most DNA-binding proteins, which are typically 20-40 bp [35]. This result suggests that the DNA-protein interaction observed in phtD not only depends on the recognition of specific sequences but also depends on specific DNA structures that can only form in the 104 bp fragment. A similar requirement has been reported for some regulatory proteins, such as H-NS, which requires a curved DNA structure for its binding [36–38]. The assays with P. syringae pv. phaseolicola strain CLY233 (which lacks the Pht cluster) and P. syringae pv.

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