However, RNA replication is poor in mouse cells, and it is not clear whether they support assembly and release of infectious HCV particles. We used a trans-complementation-based system to demonstrate HCV assembly competence of mouse liver cell lines. METHODS: A panel of 3 mouse hepatoma cell lines that contain a stable subgenomic HCV replicon was used for ectopic expression of the HCV structural proteins, p7, nonstructural protein 2, and/or apolipoprotein E (ApoE). Assembly and release of infectious HCV particles was determined by measuring viral RNA, proteins, and infectivity of virus released into the culture supernatant.
RESULTS: Mouse replicon cells released low amounts of HCV particles, http://www.selleckchem.com/products/PLX-4720.html but ectopic expression of apoE Selisistat mouse increased release of infectious HCV to levels observed in the human hepatoma cell line Huh7.5. ApoE is the limiting factor for assembly of HCV in mouse hepatoma cells but probably not in primary mouse hepatocytes. Products of all 3 human alleles of apoE and mouse apoE support HCV assembly with comparable efficiency. Mouse and human cell-derived HCV particles have similar biophysical properties,
dependency on entry factors, and levels of association with ApoE. CONCLUSIONS: Mouse hepatic cells permit HCV assembly and might be developed to create an immunocompetent and fully permissive mouse model of HCV infection. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major causative agent of liver fibrosis, cirrhosis, and heptocellular carcinoma. Recently, the first direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) have been approved for use alongside the existing standard of care, pegylated interferon-alpha (IFN-α) and ribavirin. HCV treatment, however, continues to be associated with adverse side effects and variable success rates. Studies of the HCV life cycle and the rational design of DAAs were delayed for many years by difficulties learn more in culturing the virus in the laboratory. The advent of pseudotyped lentiviral particles bearing HCV
glycoproteins (HCVpp) and the replicon system allowed initial investigation of entry and replication, respectively, and also provided platforms for screening potential drug compounds. It was not until 2005, however, that the discovery of a unique HCV isolate, termed JFH-1, allowed the complete viral life cycle—from entry to particle assembly—to be recapitulated in cultured cells.1 Since this time, mounting evidence has pointed to a link between HCV entry, replication, and assembly and the biogenesis of host very-low-density lipoproteins (VLDLs).2-4 The interplay between HCV and VLDL is emphasized by the existence of very-low-density viral particles that can be immunoprecipitated from patient sera with antibodies targeting lipoprotein-associated proteins, notably apolipoproteins (apo) B and E.5 ApoE may promote HCV uptake via its interaction with the low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR).