No significant correlations were detected

No significant correlations were detected MI-773 cost between memory B-cells and ASC at any time point analyzed. These data indicate that three doses of vaccine were necessary to induce a sufficiently robust memory B-cell response which was of short duration since there was a weak activation of these cells 6 months later when the booster dose was administered. The reasons

for the gradual decline of specific ASC in blood are unknown. Fig. 2A shows a gradual increase of antibody titers (expressed as log2 values) after the first immunisation measured at 3, 7 and 14 days. The peak of antibody titers was detected at 14 days with a median of 2.7 (mean of 3.6, Fig. 2B). Bactericidal titers dropped significantly 28 days later (42 days after the first dose). The antibody response was faster after the second dose of vaccine and reached its maximal at 14 days with a median of 4 (mean of 3.8, Fig. 2B). Despite the decrease of antibody titers observed

35 days later (49 days after the second dose) 5 of 6 subjects still had bactericidal antibody levels above the threshold of protection (titer of 1:4 or log2 of 2). A small increase in antibody levels was seen 14 days after the third dose of vaccine (median and mean of 4 and 4.7, respectively) (Fig. 2A and B) with a significant decrease 6 months later (median and mean of 0.5 and 1.5, respectively). The booster dose administered at this time induced an increase (P = 0.003) in bactericidal antibody response (median and mean of 2 and 2.6, respectively) but the boosting response was significantly lower than the bactericidal

antibody response induced by 2 or 3 doses of vaccine. Nonetheless, 4 of 5 individuals still had protective Unoprostone antibody titers ( Fig. 2B). Two of 6 individuals showed the presence of protective bactericidal titer before vaccination (Fig. 2B). Both individuals had at least a 4-fold increase in antibody titers after 2 or 3 immunisations. Thus, one dose of vaccine induced a high bactericidal antibody response 14 days later. This response slightly increased after 2 and 3 injections of vaccine but was of short duration and was not strongly activated by the booster vaccination. To investigate the role of PorA and Opa proteins on bactericidal antibody titers, we used H355 strain (PorA homologous to the vaccine strain) and its variants (PorA− and Opa− strains) as the target strains for the bactericidal assay. As shown in Fig. 2C, serum samples collected before immunisation had variable antibody titers against H355 strain, with a mean of 1.7. Three individuals had bactericidal antibody titers to H355 strain above the protective threshold titer (log2 ≥ 2). Pre-vaccine antibodies recognised PorA and Opa proteins since a significant decrease in antibody titers occurred when PorA− and Opa− mutant strains were used as the target strain (Fig. 2C). Concerning the post-primary immunisation antibody response to the mutant strains (Fig.

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