To determine whether TTSS-like genes are present in MFN1032 and M

To determine whether TTSS-like genes are present in MFN1032 and MF37, we used PCR primers targeting hrpU operon, (so called U operon Selleckchem Mizoribine of the hrp cluster of type I) encoding the conserved core proteins of fluorescent Pseudomonas TTSS, described by Mazurier et al. [23]. The region amplified by these primers includes the 3′end of hrcR, hrcS and the 5′end of hrcT. A single fragment of 0.9 kb was obtained for MFN1032 and MF37 and cloned with the pMOS kit. Fragments were sequenced by Genome Express (France). Sequences were registered in the Genbank database (accession number: EU811174 for MFN1032 and FJ694188 for MF37) and named “”hrc operon”", partial sequence. These sequences predict an

87 residues HrcS protein in these two strains. A NCBI nucleotide and protein database search showed that the putative HrcS from MFN1032 was very similar

to the putative MF37 HrcS (90% identity) and to RscS (94% identity), a type III secretion protein from the Pseudomonas fluorescens strain SBW25 (belonging to the HrcS/YscS/FliQ family), but is more distantly related to the HrcS of C7R12 (73.9% identity) (Table 1). The P. aeruginosa PAO1 FliP partial protein showed 47% identity. Table 1 Comparison of the MFN1032 HrcS sequence with other Hrc-like sequences Strain HrcS-like GenBank 4SC-202 supplier number % Identity to HrcS MFN1032 P.fluorescens MFN1032 Putative HrcS ACE88958 – P.fluorescens SBW25 Putative type III secretion membrane protein RscS CAY46985 94% P. fluorescens Pf-5 Flagellar biosynthesis protein FliQ AAY90949 NS P. fluorescens MF37 Putative HrcS ACO58571 90% P. fluorescens Pf0-1 Flagellar biosynthesis protein FliQ ABA73293 NS P. fluorescens C7R12 Putative HrcS CAC24707 74% P.aeruginosa PAO1 FliP AAG04835 47% Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato str. DC3000 Type III secretion protein HrcS AAO54916 76% Pseudomonas syringae pv. phaseolicola 1448A Type III secretion component protein HrcS CAE53643 74% NS: not significant (< at 40%) Effect of disruption of the hrpU operon We investigated a possible link between this hrpU operon and the cell-associated hemolytic activity of MFN1032. We used a Selleckchem Fosbretabulin mutant strain, MFN1030, in which the hrpU operon was disrupted, to determine whether Bacterial neuraminidase TTSS proteins are required

for the hemolytic activity observed in MFN1032. In this construction, the single homologue recombination provokes at least the deletion of the 5′-end of hrcT (58% of HrcT) and of genes situated downstream hrcT in this operon (Figure 6). We observed an almost total loss of cell-associated hemolytic activity (10% lysis) in the mutant strain. Revertant of MFN1030, the strain MFN1031, had a restored hemolytic phenotype, showing activity levels similar to those of MFN1032 (Figure 7A). These results demonstrate a link between the hrpU operon and this cell-associated hemolytic activity in P. fluorescens MFN1032. Figure 6 Construction of MFN1030 hrpU operon disrupted mutant. phrpU indicates the promoter of hrpU operon. tet is the tetracycline resistance gene of pME3087.

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