Analysis of Extracted DNA Samples Samples of DNA were quantitativ

Analysis of Extracted DNA Samples Samples of DNA were quantitatively assayed using spectrophotometery by measuring absorbance at 260 nm (A260), 280 nm (A280), and 230 nm (A230) to determine concentration of ds DNA, and to measure A260 to A280 ratio (optimal ratio is equal to 1.8 or more and less than 2) and A260 to A230 ratio (optimal ratio is greater than 2.2). A280 is an estimate of concentration of non-DNA components

such as proteins, whereas A230 is measured to estimate concentration of other components such as detergents, peptides, carbohydrates, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical phenol and chloroform. Some randomly selected samples were assayed quantitatively by running on a 2% agarose gel electrophoresis, Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical allowing the molecular weight of the DNA to be estimated. The electrophoresis resulted in a thick smear of DNA fragments with variable size ranging from very high molecular weight DNA to those about 100 bp in size (figure 1). Moreover, some of the samples were assayed in a PCR

program using primers to amplify cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical 4 (CTLA4) gene with a product of 162 bp in size that showed sharp specific bands on agarose gel electrophoresis indicating good quality of extracted DNA. Because, optimal concentration for PCR is about 0.1- 0.5 µg/ µl, we used 10 µl of stock DNA sample to make optimal concentration equal to 0.3 µg/µl by adding appropriate amount of deionized water to it. The DNA samples were stored in -20°C for later use. Figure 1: Photograph (negative version) of ethidium Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical bromide-stained agarose gel after electrophoresis of extracted DNA from some randomly selected cases. (5 µl of stock DNA mixed with 4µl of loading dye applied for electrophoresis under 70 volts … Positive Controls Human papilloma virus-18 full

length genome, cloned in pBR322 (ATTC 45152), was extracted from transformed E. Coli using the technique of alkaline lysis / phenolic extraction Inhibitors,research,lifescience,medical of DNA. It was used as a positive control in each run of PCR assay using general HPV or HPV-18 primer sets. Several HPV-positive biopsies of uterine exocervix from previous studies on cervical biopsies were also used in randomly-selected runs as a positive control. Polymerase Chain Reaction In order to detect HPV DNA sequence in our cases, including tumor and non-tumor autopsy cases, we performed PCR assay using a pair of general HPV primer which could anneal with and amplify target all DNA sequence in the L1 open reading frame of many types of HPV especially the types 6b, 11, 16, 18, 31 and 33. The sequence of forward and reverse general primers as well as the size of expected amplification product is shown in table 1. Table 1: The sequence of primer sets for human papilloma virus (HPV) and beta globin gene used in a touch down PCR program The PCR assay using general HPV primer set was performed with and without internal control.

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